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时间:2020年07月03日 18:25编辑:绪水桃 历史

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  【太】【史】【公】【曰】【:】【余】【从】【巡】【祭】【天】【地】【诸】【神】【名】【山】【川】【而】【封】【禅】【焉】【。】【入】【寿】【宫】【侍】【祠】【神】【语】【,】【究】【观】【方】【士】【祠】【官】【之】【意】【,】【於】【是】【退】【而】【论】【次】【自】【古】【以】【来】【用】【事】【於】【鬼】【神】【者】【,】【具】【见】【其】【表】【里】【。】【後】【有】【君】【子】【,】【得】【以】【览】【焉】【。】【若】【至】【俎】【豆】【珪】【币】【之】【详】【,】【献】【酬】【之】【礼】【,】【则】【有】【司】【存】【。】

  【曰】【:】【“】【《】【传】【》】【云】【天】【下】【之】【君】【王】【为】【万】【夫】【之】【黔】【首】【请】【赎】【民】【之】【命】【者】【帝】【,】【有】【福】【万】【世】【。】【黄】【帝】【是】【也】【。】【五】【政】【明】【则】【修】【礼】【义】【,】【因】【天】【时】【举】【兵】【征】【伐】【而】【利】【者】【王】【,】【有】【福】【千】【世】【。】【蜀】【王】【,】【黄】【帝】【後】【世】【也】【,】【至】【今】【在】【汉】【西】【南】【五】【千】【里】【,】【常】【来】【朝】【降】【,】【输】【献】【於】【汉】【,】【非】【以】【其】【先】【之】【有】【德】【,】【泽】【流】【後】【世】【邪】【?】【行】【道】【德】【岂】【可】【以】【忽】【秋】【哉】【!】【人】【君】【王】【者】【举】【而】【观】【之】【。】【汉】【大】【将】【军】【霍】【子】【孟】【名】【光】【者】【,】【亦】【黄】【帝】【後】【世】【也】【。】【此】【可】【为】【博】【闻】【远】【见】【者】【言】【,】【固】【难】【为】【浅】【闻】【者】【说】【也】【。】【何】【以】【言】【之】【?】【古】【诸】【侯】【以】【国】【为】【姓】【。】【霍】【者】【,】【国】【名】【也】【。】【武】【王】【封】【弟】【叔】【处】【於】【霍】【,】【後】【世】【晋】【献】【公】【灭】【霍】【公】【,】【後】【世】【为】【庶】【民】【,】【往】【来】【居】【平】【阳】【。】【平】【阳】【在】【河】【东】【,】【河】【东】【晋】【地】【,】【分】【为】【卫】【国】【。】【以】【《】【诗】【》】【言】【之】【,】【亦】【可】【为】【周】【世】【。】【周】【起】【后】【稷】【,】【后】【稷】【无】【父】【而】【生】【。】【以】【三】【代】【世】【传】【言】【之】【,】【后】【稷】【有】【父】【名】【高】【辛】【;】【高】【辛】【,】【黄】【帝】【曾】【孙】【。】【《】【黄】【帝】【终】【始】【传】【》】【曰】【:】【“】【汉】【兴】【百】【有】【馀】【年】【,】【有】【人】【不】【短】【不】【长】【,】【出】【燕】【之】【乡】【,】【持】【天】【下】【之】【政】【,】【时】【有】【婴】【兒】【主】【,】【欲】【行】【车】【。】【”】【霍】【将】【军】【者】【,】【本】【居】【平】【阳】【燕】【。】【臣】【为】【郎】【时】【,】【与】【方】【士】【考】【功】【会】【旗】【亭】【下】【,】【为】【臣】【言】【。】【岂】【不】【伟】【哉】【!】【”】

  【胡】【亥】【既】【然】【高】【之】【言】【,】【高】【曰】【:】【“】【不】【与】【丞】【相】【谋】【,】【恐】【事】【不】【能】【成】【,】【臣】【请】【为】【子】【与】【丞】【相】【谋】【之】【。】【”】【高】【乃】【谓】【丞】【相】【斯】【曰】【:】【“】【上】【崩】【,】【赐】【长】【子】【书】【,】【与】【丧】【会】【咸】【阳】【而】【立】【为】【嗣】【。】【书】【未】【行】【,】【今】【上】【崩】【,】【未】【有】【知】【者】【也】【。】【所】【赐】【长】【子】【书】【及】【符】【玺】【皆】【在】【胡】【亥】【所】【,】【定】【太】【子】【在】【君】【侯】【与】【高】【之】【口】【耳】【。】【事】【将】【何】【如】【?】【”】【斯】【曰】【:】【“】【安】【得】【亡】【国】【之】【言】【!】【此】【非】【人】【臣】【所】【当】【议】【也】【!】【”】【高】【曰】【:】【“】【君】【侯】【自】【料】【能】【孰】【与】【蒙】【恬】【?】【功】【高】【孰】【与】【蒙】【恬】【?】【谋】【远】【不】【失】【孰】【与】【蒙】【恬】【?】【无】【怨】【於】【天】【下】【孰】【与】【蒙】【恬】【?】【长】【子】【旧】【而】【信】【之】【孰】【与】【蒙】【恬】【?】【”】【斯】【曰】【:】【“】【此】【五】【者】【皆】【不】【及】【蒙】【恬】【,】【而】【君】【责】【之】【何】【深】【也】【?】【”】【高】【曰】【:】【“】【高】【固】【内】【官】【之】【厮】【役】【也】【,】【幸】【得】【以】【刀】【笔】【之】【文】【进】【入】【秦】【宫】【,】【管】【事】【二】【十】【馀】【年】【,】【未】【尝】【见】【秦】【免】【罢】【丞】【相】【功】【臣】【有】【封】【及】【二】【世】【者】【也】【,】【卒】【皆】【以】【诛】【亡】【。】【皇】【帝】【二】【十】【馀】【子】【,】【皆】【君】【之】【所】【知】【。】【长】【子】【刚】【毅】【而】【武】【勇】【,】【信】【人】【而】【奋】【士】【,】【即】【位】【必】【用】【蒙】【恬】【为】【丞】【相】【,】【君】【侯】【终】【不】【怀】【通】【侯】【之】【印】【归】【於】【乡】【里】【,】【明】【矣】【。】【高】【受】【诏】【教】【习】【胡】【亥】【,】【使】【学】【以】【法】【事】【数】【年】【矣】【,】【未】【尝】【见】【过】【失】【。】【慈】【仁】【笃】【厚】【,】【轻】【财】【重】【士】【,】【辩】【於】【心】【而】【诎】【於】【口】【,】【尽】【礼】【敬】【士】【,】【秦】【之】【诸】【子】【未】【有】【及】【此】【者】【,】【可】【以】【为】【嗣】【。】【君】【计】【而】【定】【之】【。】【”】【斯】【曰】【:】【“】【君】【其】【反】【位】【!】【斯】【奉】【主】【之】【诏】【,】【听】【天】【之】【命】【,】【何】【虑】【之】【可】【定】【也】【?】【”】【高】【曰】【:】【“】【安】【可】【危】【也】【,】【危】【可】【安】【也】【。】【安】【危】【不】【定】【,】【何】【以】【贵】【圣】【?】【”】【斯】【曰】【:】【“】【斯】【,】【上】【蔡】【闾】【巷】【布】【衣】【也】【,】【上】【幸】【擢】【为】【丞】【相】【,】【封】【为】【通】【侯】【,】【子】【孙】【皆】【至】【尊】【位】【重】【禄】【者】【,】【故】【将】【以】【存】【亡】【安】【危】【属】【臣】【也】【。】【岂】【可】【负】【哉】【!】【夫】【忠】【臣】【不】【避】【死】【而】【庶】【几】【,】【孝】【子】【不】【勤】【劳】【而】【见】【危】【,】【人】【臣】【各】【守】【其】【职】【而】【已】【矣】【。】【君】【其】【勿】【复】【言】【,】【将】【令】【斯】【得】【罪】【。】【”】【高】【曰】【:】【“】【盖】【闻】【圣】【人】【迁】【徙】【无】【常】【,】【就】【变】【而】【从】【时】【,】【见】【末】【而】【知】【本】【,】【观】【指】【而】【睹】【归】【。】【物】【固】【有】【之】【,】【安】【得】【常】【法】【哉】【!】【方】【今】【天】【下】【之】【权】【命】【悬】【於】【胡】【亥】【,】【高】【能】【得】【志】【焉】【。】【且】【夫】【从】【外】【制】【中】【谓】【之】【惑】【,】【从】【下】【制】【上】【谓】【之】【贼】【。】【故】【秋】【霜】【降】【者】【草】【花】【落】【,】【水】【摇】【动】【者】【万】【物】【作】【,】【此】【必】【然】【之】【效】【也】【。】【君】【何】【见】【之】【晚】【?】【”】【斯】【曰】【:】【“】【吾】【闻】【晋】【易】【太】【子】【,】【三】【世】【不】【安】【;】【齐】【桓】【兄】【弟】【争】【位】【,】【身】【死】【为】【戮】【;】【纣】【杀】【亲】【戚】【,】【不】【听】【谏】【者】【,】【国】【为】【丘】【墟】【,】【遂】【危】【社】【稷】【:】【三】【者】【逆】【天】【,】【宗】【庙】【不】【血】【食】【。】【斯】【其】【犹】【人】【哉】【,】【安】【足】【为】【谋】【!】【”】【高】【曰】【:】【“】【上】【下】【合】【同】【,】【可】【以】【长】【久】【;】【中】【外】【若】【一】【,】【事】【无】【表】【里】【。】【君】【听】【臣】【之】【计】【,】【即】【长】【有】【封】【侯】【,】【世】【世】【称】【孤】【,】【必】【有】【乔】【松】【之】【寿】【,】【孔】【、】【墨】【之】【智】【。】【今】【释】【此】【而】【不】【从】【,】【祸】【及】【子】【孙】【,】【足】【以】【为】【寒】【心】【。】【善】【者】【因】【祸】【为】【福】【,】【君】【何】【处】【焉】【?】【”】【斯】【乃】【仰】【天】【而】【叹】【,】【垂】【泪】【太】【息】【曰】【:】【“】【嗟】【乎】【!】【独】【遭】【乱】【世】【,】【既】【以】【不】【能】【死】【,】【安】【讬】【命】【哉】【!】【”】【於】【是】【斯】【乃】【听】【高】【。】【高】【乃】【报】【胡】【亥】【曰】【:】【“】【臣】【请】【奉】【太】【子】【之】【明】【命】【以】【报】【丞】【相】【,】【丞】【相】【斯】【敢】【不】【奉】【令】【!】【”】

  【其】【秋】【,】【为】【伐】【南】【越】【,】【告】【祷】【太】【一】【。】【以】【牡】【荆】【画】【幡】【日】【月】【北】【斗】【登】【龙】【,】【以】【象】【太】【一】【三】【星】【,】【为】【太】【一】【锋】【,】【命】【曰】【“】【灵】【旗】【”】【。】【为】【兵】【祷】【,】【则】【太】【史】【奉】【以】【指】【所】【伐】【国】【。】【而】【五】【利】【将】【军】【使】【不】【敢】【入】【海】【,】【之】【泰】【山】【祠】【。】【上】【使】【人】【随】【验】【,】【实】【毋】【所】【见】【。】【五】【利】【妄】【言】【见】【其】【师】【,】【其】【方】【尽】【,】【多】【不】【雠】【。】【上】【乃】【诛】【五】【利】【。】

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